Loading and using an HLSL shader?

  • Loading and using an HLSL shader? jmasterx

    I've been looking everywhere and all I can find are tutorials on writing the shaders. None of them showed me how to incorporate them into my scene.

    So essentially:

    Given an hlsl shader, if I were to have a function called drawTexturedQuad() and I wanted the shader to be applied to the result, how exactly could I do this?


  • Depends if you want to use OpenGL or Direct3D.

    For D3D the SDK has all the gory details.

  • ID3DXEffect provides Begin() and BeginPass() methods. All you have to do is call DrawQuad() appropriately between them and their equivalent End() and EndPass() methods.

  • There are three steps:

    1. Load effect and set the technique
    2. Provide data to the effect
    3. Render

    1) Load effect and set the technique

      // Declaration of your effect variable
      LPD3DXEFFECT  mDSEGeometryStage; 
      //With this method you load your effect file
      HR(**D3DXCreateEffectFromFile**( d3ddev, "./DeferredEffect_MaterialsStage.fx", 0, 0, D3DXSHADER_DEBUG, 0, &mDSEGeometryStage, &errors);) 
            // Some Error checking   
        if( errors )
            MessageBoxA(0, (char *)errors->GetBufferPointer(), 0, 0);
        // Retrieve a Technique from your effects handler
        D3DXHANDLE mhTech = mDSEGeometryStage->**GetTechniqueByName**("MaterialsTech");
                // Set the technique to be used 

    2) Provide data to the effect:

        // Effect values handlers (String parameter is the name of a variable in your .fx file)
    D3DXHANDLE mhView       = mDSEGeometryStage->GetParameterByName(0, "gView");            
    D3DXHANDLE mhProjection = mDSEGeometryStage->GetParameterByName(0, "gProjection");      
    D3DXHANDLE mhNearClip = mDSEGeometryStage->GetParameterByName(0, "gNearClip");
    D3DXHANDLE mhFarClip = mDSEGeometryStage->GetParameterByName(0, "gFarClip");
        // Set effect values indicating the handler and the data as paramters
    HR(mDSEGeometryStage->SetMatrix(mhProjection, &(camera->getProjectionMatrix())));
    HR(mDSEGeometryStage->SetMatrix(mhView, &(camera->getViewMatrix())));       
    HR(mDSEGeometryStage->SetFloat(mhFarClip, camera->getFarClip()));

    3) Render: As said in a previous answer

    ID3DXEffect provides Begin() and BeginPass() methods.

    So, in the same rendering method you can start to render by calling the device BeginScene() method and inside call the Begin or BeginPass methods of your effect.

    // Begin Scene  
        // Clear targets surface
        d3ddev->Clear(0, NULL, D3DCLEAR_TARGET |D3DCLEAR_ZBUFFER, 
            D3DCOLOR_ARGB(0, 0,0,0), 1.0f, 0);    
        // Begin Effect passes.
        UINT numPasses = 0;
        HR(mDSEGeometryStage->Begin(&numPasses, 0))
           // like:  drawTexturedQuad();    
        // End Effect passes
    // End scene rendering
    }// End of renderGeometryStage method

    Hope it helps, but your question is not about a chunk of code that you can copy/paste, its more about "basic" concepts. So for this kind of things I really recommend you to follow some tutorial because you will understand all the underlying concepts better. Cheers!

c++ directx shaders hlsl
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